Austria joined the EU in 1995. The contradiction with the Union started even in early period of the Austrian membership. In 1999, the right conservative Freedom Party of Austria (Ger. Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs (FPÖ)) took the second place by a narrow margin in the federal election. As soon as the election results were announced, the EU member states and the EU followers called to ban Haider (leader of the party at the time) to participate in the political life of the country and also put in question sanctions against Austria. The European Union had no legal grounds for either of the first claim (to discharge Haider) or the second one (in the end, the EU Member States introduced bilateral sanctions).
Such a rough European Union interference in the Austria internal affairs caused a number of the anti-EU protests in the country and led to rapid euro-skeptical growth sentiment among Austrians.
The new wave of euroscepticism caused the migration policy of the European Union, which’s base is the principle of any form of collective identity rejection. The EU “tolerance” policy, the principle of the free borders and free movement within the European Union led to the critical imbalance between native Europeans and immigrants, and created a breeding ground for the radical Islamism structures creation (which led to the tragic events: terrorist attacks in Paris and sexual attacks in Cologne).
The right-conservative Austria was dissatisfy with the "all-European" solution to the illegal migration issue. In early January, the Chancellor Werner Faymann declared to revise the Schengen rules in Austria.
“Similar to Germany”, Austria is to control its border strictly and to carry out the refugee expulsion, said Faymann, adding, that “anyone who arrives at our border is subject to control.” According to him, "all refugees must be controlled, economic migrants must be sent to the countries of their origin."
Back in 2015, the Euroscepticism became the trend among the European parties (the National Front, The Northern League, «UKIP», «FPÖ», etc.). The 2016 year showed the anti-European Union EU basis: migration policy, principle of free movement within the EU, tolerance – all these principles, which is the EU basis, are destructive for the European countries cultures and directly threat their existence.
At the same time, the EU's migration policy will not change significantly, the number of refugees will continue to grow, the ”tolerance” and “human rights” principles will remain unaltered.
It will lead to conflict escalation between the EU interests and the European member states ones. Many European countries will begin revision of the alliance conditions with the European Union (the United Kingdom), and the government will follow the “realism” policy in international relations.