Carl von Clausewitz’s formula that war is the continuation of politics by other means is reinforced in the 21st century by geoeconomics, where supply chains, promising technologies and control over financial and other assets simply compel decision
Both the EU and the US, as well as many other countries, have been promoting for quite a long time the topic of ecological energy, which is generated by modern systems from wind and solar generators to underwater turbines that exploit sea tides.
Before I start, let me preface by stating that international law is a meaningless concept when it only applies to Washington’s enemies.
At the end of March 2022, the American RAND corporation released a study entitled "Understanding competition. Great Power Rivalry in a Changing International Order - Concepts and Theories”.
The place of Ukraine in the geopolitical confrontation of Land and Sea has already been written about quite a lot and in some detail.
On January 17, Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan wrote on his Twitter account that he had a telephone conversation with Russian President Vladimir Putin and expressed thanks to him for his "resolute statement that freedom of speech cannot be a p
US-Russia talks in Geneva are to be held January 9-10. President Putin has presented issues to be discussed which are aimed to diffuse tensions over the Ukraine and Russian border situation.
As the writer Samuel Huntington explains in his book "The Third Wave," (Third Wave, 1991), the world has gone through three waves of destabilization and democratization.
Quantifying power has always been central to the conduct of strategy. David Baldwin’s book Power and International Relations quoted Sir Francis Bacon who, in 1612, noted that “there is not any thing amongst civil affairs more subject to error than the right evaluation and true judgement concerning the power and forces of a state.” He also quoted Stephen Jones who, more recently, stated that “so long as there is power among sovereign states, there will be estimation of power. Even though the best estimates are only rough, they are better than reliance on intuition or emotion.” Both Sir Francis Bacon and Stephen Jones are correct. The need to estimate power remains central to politics, strategy and statecraft, but it continues to be a subjective and problematic undertaking.