Neorealism (Structuralism)


An American political theorist Kenneth Waltz is seen as the creator of the neorealism. Waltz sophisticates the realist scheme, including in it the “structure” conception of the International Relations. Instead of the chaos and anarchy (classical realism) the International Relations becomes the field of the permanently changing balance of powers, its joint, but rectified potential keeps the whole world system in one position or, in several cases, provokes its changes.

Geopolitical Realism


Geopolitics is completely separate science, based on its own principles and methodologies. However, the geopolitics and the International Relations studies the processes of the international sphere, that’s why both science have quite a big number of common issues. 

Classical Realism

One of the founders of classical realism was an American political philosopher Hans Morgenthau (1904-1979). His main work is the Politics Among Nations where he states the major principles of his political philosophy.

Realism and the Sovereign State

If we combine together the principal positions of  three classical authors of political science (Machiavelli, Hobbes and Bodin), we will have the fundamental structure of the field of IR.