Rimland. Presently Atlanticist geopolitical orientation.
Atlanticism among French ruling elite although there is an intensive search for an alternative to the American ideology.
Germany, Italy, Spain, the US, other NATO countries and the European Union.
Australia and Oceania, South America, Asia.
Western and Southern Europe, the Middle East, Western and Central Africa, the north-eastern South America, the Mediterranean coast and several island territories in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans.
Celtic and Latin with Teutonic, Slavic, North African, Indochinese, Basque minorities; overseas departments: black, white, mulatto, East Indian, Chinese, Amerindian.
Christian (overwhelmingly Roman Catholic) 63-66%, Muslim 7-9%, Buddhist 0.5-0.75%, Jewish 0.5-0.75%, other 0.5-1.0%, none 23-28% (France is a secular country, and does not collect data on religion in its census).
Political schema: France is a semi-presidential republic which politics determined by the French Constitution of the French Fifth Republic. The executive power is exercised by the President of the Republic, currently François Hollande (2016), who is head of state, and the Government, led by the president-appointed Prime Minister.
The French parliament is a bicameral legislature comprising the National Assembly and the Senate.
The main political parties are the Socialist Party (François Hollande), the Union for a Popular Movement (Nicolas Sarkozy) and the National Front (Marine Le Pen is the current leader).
The National Front is the political force that is opposed to the ideology of the American system in France. The criticism of the EU’s migration policy, Euroscepticism, a focus on conservatism and the preservation of traditions (family, marriage, religion), and the criticism of the Atlanticist French ruling elite is reflected in the political space and the will of the French people, and is an alternative to the left-liberal government.
France is a developed country and has one of the world's largest economies. France's tourism industry is a major component of the economy.
The leading industrial sectors in France are machinery, chemicals, automobiles, metallurgy, aircraft, electronics; textiles, food processing; tourism.
France has maintained its status as key power in Western Europe because of its size, location, strong economy, and membership in European organizations. It supports the development of a European Security and Defence Identity (ESDI) as the foundation of efforts to enhance security in the European Union.
Until 1968, an anti-American policy was carried out in France largely through the efforts of President de Gaulle. After May 1968, American ideology began to enter into French politics, and liberal/libertarian became the main ideology, which had as its main objective the destruction of: 1) the social left model (which was protected by the French Communist Party), and 2) the moral right model (created by De Gaulle).
France is a member of the United Nations (UN), the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the G8, the World Trade Organization (WTO), the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank), the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). France was founding member of European Union (EU), the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM), and holds one of five permanent seats on the UN Security Council.
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