The histories of international development and foreign aid often focus on aid between independent nations. Williams’ (2013: 234) history of international development aid only begins from the British Colonial Development Act of 1929.
As Africans went formal through the acquisition of western education, a critical question of that era is, before the “independence” of most African states when its much needed man power is being trained; was it the lack of interest or incompetence
As already stated, the assumptions on which international relationships rest is given by the fact that the political units are striving to impose one to another's will. International politics must involve a contest of wills: the will to impose or the will of not being allowed to impose the will of another.