Barely acknowledged by the mainstream media, in 2000-2001 the Taliban government –with the support of the United Nations (UNODC) – implemented a successful ban on poppy cultivation.
NATO begins to gather forces.
American efforts in Afghanistan are back to square one these days as a second troop surge seems to be on the cards, recently Gen Nicholson apprised the Senate that thousands of troops are required in Afghanistan as the U.S.
It is true that US-Pakistan relations deteriorated after 2011. The Laden, Salala and Raymond events were responsible for that. But I doubt that the US has finally lost influence in Pakistan's intelligence services.
Russia brings regional countries on board against terrorism.
There are two dominant mental constructs of power in Afghanistan: an Afghanistan-centered mentality and another mentality that is centered on the idea of Greater Khorasan.