What does the United States have to do with falling incomes of Sudanese citizens
The World Bank has moved Sudan into the low-income group in a new report. Basily Koltashev, director of the Center for Economic Research at the Institute of Globalization and Social Movements, explained what caused the sharp decline in Sudan's rating.
The World Bank monitors changes in gross national income per capita and, based on changes in this indicator, determines the place of individual countries in its ranking. For Sudan, GNI was at $ 590, which is in line with low-income countries.
In its report, the World Bank announced a change in the status of ten countries, of which seven improved their position, and three worsened. But Algeria and Sri Lanka moved to a step lower only formally. Changes from the 2019 income level were 2.2% for Algeria and 1% for Sri Lanka. During the same reporting period, Sudan's numbers nearly tripled, from $ 1,560 to $ 590 per person per year. At the same time, the authors of the report note that the data does not take into account the damage done to the economies of the planet by the coronavirus pandemic.
The catastrophic drop in gross national income is not surprising, given the coup that took place in Sudan last April, but political scientist Vasily Koltashov, in an interview with FAN, advised to be careful with the figures published by the World Bank.
“This is an absolutely politicized assessment. The fact is that Washington's enormous political attention is riveted to Sudan. And the downgrade of the rating should not so much affect the country's leadership as give arguments to political agitators.
We must understand that the World Bank is not only a bank. Along with financial problems, he also deals with political issues. American assessments, including ratings, should serve specific political purposes. They need these indicators - so they lowered the rating, ”
The expert recalled that the Sudanese economy experienced serious difficulties during the reign of President Omar al-Bashir. In fact, the opposition took advantage of thHowever, the transitional government headed by Abdullah Hamdok failed to change the economic situation for the better during the year in power, which is reflected in the WB report. According to Koltashov, this was impossible, since the United States is not interested in such a development of events, first of all.
“The Sudanese economy could not break out of the economic trap in late 2019 and early 2020. An external game is being played against this, and Sudan will need a rather tough development dictatorship in order to weaken the influence of destructive pro-Western structures, mobilize resources, encourage investment from friendly economies and not allow anyone to interfere in internal political processes, ”the expert said.
The negative influence of the West on the processes in Sudan was observed even at the stage of the coup in April 2019, but it is with the Western countries that Abdullah Hamdok is trying to conduct a dialogue. Thus, the Prime Minister became the co-chair of the videoconference of the donors of Sudan, the key places at which were the representatives of the US and the EU.e economic protests in the country, translating them into a political channel and removing al-Bashir from his post.
The conference participants promised Hamdok to allocate money to continue the reforms needed for the country, but the incessant demonstrations on the streets of Sudanese cities, the resumption of the grain crisis, higher food prices and fuel shortages clearly show that the course proposed by Sudan's Western partners is leading the country in the wrong direction.
Vasily Koltashov is sure that Sudan should establish mutually beneficial relations with other states - with Russia, with China. It is necessary to build trade partnerships with friendly economies, with administrations independent of the United States.
But there is every reason to believe that Abdullah Hamdok will not take such measures. And the United States, which categorically does not need stability in the region, will do its best to hinder the positive development of Sudan. Including through the publication of the necessary ratings in controlled structures.
Translated from riafan