The new Italian government
The results of the parliamentary elections in Italy amazed even experienced experts. Classical parties were swept away by a "new wave" of political forces: the left-wing "Five Stars" movement and the center-right coalition led by Silvio Berlusconi and Matteo Salvini.
In the all-party standings, the left movement "Five Stars" won the first place, receiving 32.22% of the vote. Next is the center-left Democratic Party of the current Prime Minister Matteo Renzi, who received 18.9%, which is 6.5% worse than the previous result.
In third place - the traditional "League of the North", which received 17.69% of the vote. Center-right party ща Silvio Berlusconi "Forward, Italy!" was weaker than the "League", having received 13.94%.
The right-wing conservative party "The Brothers of Italy" gained 4.35%. The left-liberal party "Free and Equal" closes the list, receiving 3.38% of the votes.
Winners and defeated
The main sensation of these elections was the breakthrough result of the "League of the North". Most experts predicted that Berlusconi's party will be the leading force in the center-right coalition ("League of the North", "Forward, Italy!" And "Brothers of Italy"). In addition, this is the first in the history of elections, when the League successfully consolidated the status of a non-regional, but all-Italian party. Such a success will allow Salvini to feel more confident during the negotiations on the distribution of posts in the government.
The success of the movement of the party "Five Stars" can be called predictable: traditionally their main voter is in the poor southern regions of the country. Rhetoric in the left key allowed them to attract broad strata of southerners, and criticism of the EU allowed to find voters in the rich north regions of the country. However, in order to cash out their success, the movement will have to negotiate, which means concessions, which contradicts the Party's original plan not to enter into blocs with other forces. The flexibility or, conversely, the firmness of the leadership of the Five Stars in this matter will largely determine the future of Italy's political elite for the coming years.
As they say in ancient Rome, Sic transit gloria mundi ("So goes worldly glory" - lat.). Once the most influential Italian politician tried to return to the big game, riding a wave of populism. Everyone was sure that in the center-right coalition it would be the experienced Berlusconi who will play the first violin.
However, the Italians voted for the young and vivid patriot Matteo Salvini, who was not found to be connected with transnational capital, in contrast to Berlusconi. Becoming second number, the former prime minister, most likely, will step out of business and give way to leadership of the party to one of his assistants.
And finally, the election results can not be called otherwise than as a deafening failure of the now-former ruling party. Disappointment with the pro-American policy of Matteo Renzi, made the Italians give their votes to the new patriotic forces.
Soon there will be a battle
The main issue now is the format of the future ruling coalition. The parliamentary republic is an extremely unstable form of government. After announcing the official results of the elections, the law will most often involve a long and painful process of negotiations and the formation of the government.