El Libertador: 234 years since the birth of Simon Bolivar


July 24, 1783-  Simon Bolivar was born in Caracas, the capital of the General-Captaincy of  Spanish Venezuela.

Simon Bolivar became a part of history as the liberator of the Latin American peoples from the Spanish domination. However, the romantic image of the "liberator" does not match the reality. The ancestors of Bolivar came to America in the sixteenth century and became later members of the Venezuelan aristocracy. His father was one of the richest people in Venezuela. He died when Simon was only two years old, leaving his son a huge inheritance.

His relatives hired a small (but very rich) orphan a teacher - Simon Rodriguez  -who renounced God long ago. Bolivar heard from Rodriguez about free masons, who his tutor also belonged to. At the end of the XVIII century, European Freemasonry began penetrating into Latin America. the Masons influenced carefully Representatives of the colonial aristocracy. Bolivar did not escape this fate. Rodriguez literally stuffed his student’s mind with revolutionary anti-monarchist literature. On the solitary ranch, they had long conversations about freedom, equality, fraternity, Voltaire and Rousseau, the harmful influence of religion on the minds of mankind and the inevitability of a worldwide revolution.

In 1799, his relatives sent young Bolivar to Spain. He studied law in Madrid, where he met a girl Maria, a native of Venezuela. He proposed to her, and their wedding took place in May 1802, after which the young went to Venezuela, where Maria died of an infectious disease.
Simon returned to Spain, and then he went to Paris. There,  he witnessed the coronation of Napoleon. In January 1805, Bolivar met with his teacher Rodriguez, with whom he went on a trip to Italy. They attended another coronation of Napoleon as the king of Italy in Milan. Bonaparte became a role model for Simon since then. Bolivar became a member of the Masonic lodge, and from that moment his career was completely determined by freemasons.

Thanks to the patronage of Rodriguez, Bolivar met with Bonaparte in Paris. As Bolivar recalled, Napoleon made him his commissioner and later sent him money, weapons and military advisers to Latin America.

Bolivar went to the United States. He always kept silent about his stay in America. It can be assumed that Bolivar received the most important final instructions there and he went with them to Venezuela.

At this time Napoleon’s  troops entered Madrid. The Spanish king was overthrown, and the brother of Napoleon, Joseph Bonaparte, was seated on the throne. The Spanish colonies were left without a master. Simon Bolivar and his brother Juan organized a coup in Caracas on April 19, 1810. Francisco Miranda, who was the old conspirator and the enemy of the Spanish Crown Mason, came in Caracas from Europe. Miranda and Bolivar achieved the proclamation of Venezuela as an independent republic on July 5, 1811. There was one small area in the country that was controlled by the supporters of the Spanish king, led by Captain Domingo Monteverde. But no one took it seriously.

However, a terrible earthquake happened in an area under the control of the Republicans on March 26, 1812. Caracas was completely destroyed. At the same time, the area controlled by monarchists was not affected. The clergy indicated that it was the Lord's punishment for the support of the people of godless power. Meanwhile, the government of the young republic, led by the richest aristocrats, did not even consider abolishing slavery. Not feeling the fear of royal power, local tycoons became frankly impersonal to slaves. In this situation, the sympathies of the population, which turned away from the new government, reached their turning point. Miranda and Bolivar organized another coup and established a frank dictatorship.

Captain Monteverde, who commanded a detachment of 300 people at first, moved to the capital. Volunteers- first of all from the poor- were joining him on the way to it. Miranda was stunned by the speed and determination of the monarchists and people, who supported them, and he had to retreat quickly: the monarchists occupied the capital. In these circumstances, Bolivar blamed Miranda for the defeat and he agreed with the monarchists to let him escape.

Later, Bolivar was able to reassemble his supporters. He dragged Latin American countries into a bloody war with Spanish and supporters of the monarchy. The volunteer army of Simon Bolivar dealt a crushing defeat to the Spanish royal army near the settlement of Carabobo in Venezuela on  June 24, 1821. Bolivar planned to form the Southern United States, which included Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, La Plata and Chile. However, he did not meet with support. Bolivar was accused of wanting to create an empire under his authority.

Simon Bolivar resigned and soon died on December 17, 1830. Before his death, he abandoned his lands, houses and even state pension, and spent whole days contemplating the picturesque landscapes of the local "snow mountains" - the Sierra Nevada from his window.