China expels the US from the global world
At the Asian Economic Forum in Hainan, Chinese President Xi Jinping confirmed the course for globalization, but not in American style.
Speaking at the opening ceremony of the key part of the Asian Economic Forum in Boao (Hainan Island), President Xi Jinping reiterated the impression that many have had since the forum in Davos - China has replaced the United States as the driving force of globalization. Moreover, China offers a new type of globalization: on a voluntary basis and without military dictatorship, which is increasingly being used by the US to gain competitive advantages.
There is a demand for a new type of globalization in the world. Therefore, the Chinese model will continue to gain popularity. Especially with the implementation of the policy of US President Donald Trump, "America First", characterized by trade wars, the introduction of sanctions and duties bypassing the WTO, the revision of economic agreements by forcing partners into unprofitable deals.
Thus, the main themes of the forum that ended on April 11, called "Eastern Davos", were reforms, openness, innovation and "Belt and the Road." It was attended by over two thousand high-ranking representatives from 63 countries. Among them are the presidents of the Philippines and Austria, the prime ministers of Mongolia, New Zealand, Pakistan and Singapore.
"Five years ago I put forward the initiative" One belt, one road. "Since then, more than 80 countries and international organizations have signed documents on cooperation with China within this project," Xi Jinping said on the stage. "China does not make any petty geopolitical calculations, does not create any closed associations, does not put itself above others and does not impose any deals on anyone." He noted that, although it is the idea of China, "its opportunities and results will benefit the whole world."
What is the difference between the two globalizations: American and Chinese?
In American globalization, all the benefits go to the US, or rather, to American investors, and all the costs, especially in the beginning, to the countries in which they invest. And when these countries, after going through difficulties and hardships, begin to compete with the United States and win in competition through more hard work and cheaper labor, the United States begins to accuse them of "unfair competition" that they are being "ripped off" by someone. The Americans introduce morbid duties and sanctions against their competitors in order to eliminate unfavorable trade deficits. This is what we are now witnessing in all its glory ...
The globalization of the Chinese lies in another: nothing is imposed on anyone, the participation of countries is voluntary, if they decide that it is profitable for them. In 2013, Chairman Xi Jinping put forward the concept of the "Economic belt of the Silk Road" and the "Sea Silk Road" within the framework of the One-Way-One Road initiative, which aims to create a transport, energy and trade corridor between Asia and Europe, deepen economic, commercial and scientific and technical cooperation between Asia, Eurasia and Europe.
Xi Jinping promised to "fight protectionism" and promote "multilateral trade transactions." In the same vein, he responded to the claims made by Washington on this part:
China will open up markets even more significantly, especially in the sphere of finance and insurance, remove investment restrictions, in production, in particular in the automotive industry, we will tighten measures in the field of intellectual property protection. "
The leader of the PRC made it clear how Beijing will deal with the trade restrictions that the US intends to build on China, by developing domestic consumption, if Americans and others so want to produce consumer goods themselves, rather than import them from the new "workshop of the world", as was done in previous decades.
As concrete steps, he called the forthcoming significant reduction in the current year of duties on cars and other imported goods. He also expressed the hope that the developed countries in turn would lift restrictions on the export of high-tech products to China.
China clearly understands that the type of globalization that it proposes requires a stable world order. The head of the Chinese state in this connection stressed the need for "universal, integrated and coordinated security" and "protection of the world order and the system of international relations, based on the purposes and principles of the UN Charter."
These words contrast strongly with the almost simultaneous statement by the US ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley about the situation around Syria after another fey chemical attack: the United States will take action if the UN Security Council does not punish the "culprits", which the US authorities require the world community to consider Syria, Iran and Russia.
China has a different logic. It is necessary, according to Xi Jinping, "to coordinate their positions in responding to traditional and non-traditional security challenges, to strengthen bilateral and multilateral cooperation." The Chinese leader also expressed his opinion that "the various mechanisms for ensuring security are mutually tolerant and harmonious so that some of them complement others by cooperating rather than infringing or undermining each other." Only thus, he pointed out, the world "will come to universal and joint security."
The Chinese leader added that China will "protect the global world," "contribute to its prosperity and maintain the international order."
Let us add that unlike the rhetoric about freedom and democracy, which the West has turned into a battering ram to achieve its selfish interests and establish control over the policies of other states, China does not impose anything like this on anyone. But the Chinese model of economic development, voluntarily adopted by a number of countries in Asia and Africa, often provides double-digit economic growth.
Provocation and reaction
The statements made by Xi Jinping have already provoked the wrath of the United States. Through the newspaper of one of America's closest allies, Australia, the Sydney Morning Herald, China was accused of intending to create a "military base" in Vanuatu in the interests of a permanent military presence in the South Pacific region, although "official proposals" to the government of Vanuatu on this matter by Beijing "so far not done".
Commenting on this "news," Australian Foreign Minister Julie Bishop said that she did not know anything about this, but she reminded the organizers of the embargo that "Vanuatu is a sovereign state that has the right to independently resolve its issues in the field of defense and foreign policy" .
This episode, which actually turned against the US - regardless of whether something is real or not - showed that the world and globalization in Chinese have good chances to replace Pax Americana, because it is beneficial to everyone, even the closest US allies. And this can lead the US to isolation in the global multipolar world that is liberating from the American dictatorship.