Christian Michel has posed the question: “Is pacifism not only inept, but also morally abhorrent (evil everywhere should always be fought)?”
When we say that the mega-corporations are secondary actors in international relationships and that commonly require the states to act, we are not unaware that the mega-corporations, the World Bank or the International Monetary Fund and other inte
The first liberals (including English politician R. Cobden[i], the US President W. Wilson and the pacifist N. Angell[ii]), in their main theses, oppose realists as to them the political regime (to be more specific, democracy or non-democracy) is crucial in the analysis of IR. If the countries are democratic, they steadily evolve, aiming at the creation of the over-state system and appearance of special over-governmental institutions. Whilst the other countries democratize, they will be joined in these institutions. That’s why the principle of national egoism and “self-help” may be included in democratization process, which may be the basis of the civil societal world and different societies’ integration, being yet divided by national borders, in one democratic civil society.
Since 1960 Dag Østerberg had the distinction of being a leading social theoretician and a versatile, intellectual in Norway, who made lasting contributions especially in sociology and social philosophy.
One of the incongruous characters to come onto the American political stage is the pseudo-intellectual, Stephen K. Bannon, President Donald Trump's chief strategist. Mr. Bannon sees himself as a "revolutionary" who thinks he can hijack the Leninist theory of dismantling the state apparatus through what he calls the "deconstruction of the administrative state," i.e., the current system of taxes, regulations and trade pacts that the president says "have stymied economic growth and infringed upon U.S. sovereignty”.[i] Although Mr. Bannon claims to have read Lenin’s works, it seems he has failed to study more thoroughly Lenin’s The State and Revolution regarding the apparatus of the state machinery.
Just as the Industrial Revolution had its first epicenter in England, technology had its neuralgic center in the United States. If maritime discoveries, that gave origin to the first globalization, were motivated by the European need to skirt around Islamic power,