South Africa: Geopolitical profile
The Republic of the South Africa is the most southern country of the African continent. Borders with Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambik and Swazilend in the north (from west to east of the country border) and in the south it is opened to the South Atlantic and Indian oceans. There is a landlocked enclaved country Lesoto inside the territory of the Republic.
Position on the geopolitical map:
Rimland of Africa, the keeper of the biggest sea ports of the continent. Geopolitically can depend on the Athlantist partnership, economically can allow cooperation with Eurasian countries.
60% Eurasianist, 40% Atlanticist.
Main geopolitical allies:
The countries of BRICS (especially China) and Africa.
United States, Great Britain
SAR placed military units in order to assist police operations along the Lesotho, Zimbabwe border, and Mozambique to control smuggling, and illegal migration; SAR and Namibia have not signed or ratified the text of the 1994 Surveyor's General agreement placing the boundary in the middle of the Orange River
Afrikaners and English Africans - 9,6% (used to be named 'white')
'Asians' (mostly from India) - 2%
'black' - 79% ( Zulu, Xhosa, Basotho (South Sotho), Bapedi (North Sotho), Venda, Tswana, Tsonga, Swazi and Ndebele)
'Colored' - 8,9%
Christian churches - more than 79% (2006) (Orthodox Christian - about 0,1%), non-chrustian religions - about 3% (African Traditional Religion - 0,3%), no religion/not stated - about 16%.
Officially SAR is a democratic republic. Though, the democracy cannot be called western-styled liberal democracy and is greatly influenced by tribal
culture, national heritage and legacy of Boer culture. Also of importance is the influence of modern international law. The major and ruling party is African National Congress, which has no clear ideology, uniting together
Second world country. Former British colony. Most part of trade goes through the sea ways, because of the small economical potential and political stability of the bordering countries. The main trade orientations are BRICS, European countries and USA. The vast part of national capital is still concentrated in the hands of tiny white elite, which beneficiated from abandonment of apartheid policy (the sanctions on country were lifted).
The country's strategy is the inner stability and peaceful trade cooperatuon with partners. The country has a lot of mineral resources, especially metals of
platinum group, gold, diamonds, lead, coal etc. which can keep the country on the level of industrial society, not transforming to post-industrial mode
though most of the people, who able to work are busy in the service sector. Poor medical industry and high involvement in touristic and trade business make
the country nearly defenseless from the biological weapon tests of the NATO laboratories.
In 2008 the country passed through the wave of migrant rebels and had to resort to the police and national army forces to stop the mayhem caused by them.
Officially the country is more oriented to the values of multicultural dialogue and traditional (modern) European laws. Historically the territory of the
country was not politically stable, so the stability of the region is one of the most important principles.
However, after the cancel of the apartheid policy, the standard of living of the black people is still low: much of them are too poor to have education,
live in harsh conditions and are included in criminal sphere.