Fidesz - Hungarian response to the left-liberal globalization
Major political and social ideals of Hungary found a reflection in the center-right Fidesz party.
Fidesz ("Union of Young Democrats") was founded by Viktor Orban at the end of the 80s in the last century in the wake of the anti-communist sentiments. The 26-year-old Orban, a lawyer, had just graduated from the University of Budapest, turned famous for his heartfelt speech, which he delivered in 1989 at the ceremony of reburial of Imre Nagy and other leaders of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. In his speech, Orban demanded the withdrawal of Soviet troops and the holding of free elections, earning political capital and became a symbol of the velvet revolution in Budapest.
Ten years later, he led the centrist right-wing coalition government of Hungary, becoming the youngest prime minister in Europe. During this time the Union of Students of the Fidesz who fought against the communist dictatorship, turned themselves into a strong right-wing conservative party which preaches moderate nationalism and commitment to the national rate in foreign policy.
"Orban managed to put together a powerful coalition of right parties on the basis of anti-liberal party units - notes the Hungarian journalist, Miklos Haraszti - In the history of Europe the last time this happened only in the period between the two world wars". Even after the defeat of the right in the 2002 elections, they did not adopt a more moderate version of conservatism, continuing the line of anti-globalization and anti-market reform (currently only 46% of Hungarians approve of market economy, while in 1991 the figure was 80%).
In 2008, Orban took the unenviable position of Prime Minister Gyurcsany and raised a wave of anti-government demonstrations, rightly arguing that onlyc Fidesz could afford to bring the country out of the impasse. Orbans followers declared that Gyurcsany is not able to defend the national interests, and "it is not surprising for a man who was active in the Communist Youth League at a time when all Hungarian patriots fought against the Soviet occupation". Criticizing the economic policies of the socialists, right-wingers promised to create a million new jobs and lower taxes. Productive synthesis of left and right has allowed them to win a resounding victory in the elections.
Relations with the European political establishment began to deteriorate in 2010, when Fidesz and Jobbik won a decisive victory in Hungary. Fidesz-led coalition won two-thirds of the seats in parliament. And it would be of been quite democratic, if the party continued to “feed the country" with Western investors. However, events began to move in a different direction. Already in summer 2010 Orban took an unprecedented step - and decisively broke relations with the IMF. This was reflected in the fact that he refused to comply with the fund to reduce budget spending, to impoverish the majority of the population of the country and introduced, contrary to the recommendations of the IMF, an additional tax on the banking sector, seeking to strengthen the economy at the expense of those who profit from it most.
The most important thing was to change the law governing the status of the Central Bank of Hungary. The IMF and the EU immediately saw this as an attempt to subordinate the government Hungarian Central Bank to the State thereby depriving it of the notorious "independence" - the possibility to carry out speculative transactions in the financial market and to rise above all the public authorities of their country.
Charges fell down one after the other. But after a while the statement that democracy and the free market mean no more than an instrument of policy of major Western powers to reshape the world in its own interests, has ceased to cause violent indignation in Brussels and Washington. Everyone is tired. Against this background, the new constitution of Hungary - as they say, hit them in the pit of the stomach. It entered into the game on 1 January 2012.
This week Hungary adopted a new constitution – terrifyingly states the « The Financial Times ». - Full of ethnic nationalism, it gives ambition and promises to one-party rule limiting personal freedoms”.
The new Hungarian Grounding Law states that “God and Christianity” unite the people of Hungary. Not the banks and the EU, not "democratic values" but faith in Christ. And Hungary has voted for it. The Constitution provides for the State to protect the life, moreover stipulates that life begins at conception. The first ones who protested were feminists - who saw this as an attack on freedom, de facto ban on the killing of the child in the womb. And that's not all. It turns out, that the marriage is treated as a "union between a man and a woman". Moreover, now that the Basic Law of Hungary separates from the core of the European Christian nation - Muslims, pagans, Krishnaists and others, it also denies the equality of sodomites.
Violent reaction of European global elites along with Hungarian human-rights defenders would not cost a penny, if not for the "large caliber artillery". Brussels and Washington have said that reforms Viktor Orban dramatically reduce democratic freedoms in the country. Fidesz - Hungarian Civic Union, whose leader is Prime Minister Viktor Orban - immediately became a “nationalist force” escapist democratic values, won more than 20 years ago after the collapse of the communist system.
Another line of criticism from the United States – was a new Hungarian law on religion, which recognizes only 14 religious denominations, leaving many outside the law numerous sects, and limits the possibilities for the emergence of new denominations in the country.
Also in Brussels sharply criticized the law on the protection of private data. Another controversial law - on the prosecution of crimes committed during the years of communist rule, particularly during an anti-government rebellion in 1956. As Western experts in democracy fear, the regulation will strengthen the political persecution of the opposition – which has lost credibility among the people, the feeding of which, it will be possible to bring down Orban and his party.
In the political sphere, in order to prevent the possibility and confuse ideas gathered around Orban most of the population of the country, the Prime Minister has created a special council on the budget, the authority of which shall last nine years. The Council received the right to veto the draft budget and thereby not only to block the liberal initiatives, but also to initiate early elections. Orban's government has appointed a chairman of the Supreme Court and the Attorney General, giving them additional powers (that "in case of change of power may lead to a crisis of governance," said the Hungarian Research Institute «Eötvös», funded by the Soros Foundation). From the point of view of exchange speculator Soros, the presence of control over banks and the stock exchange - is really a "crisis in management". And from the point of view of the Hungarians, replenishing of the state budget, is a way of fighting "financial bubbles" in the economy, inflated at their expense.
The slogans of Fidesz is often adopted by a more radical, less fettered by the requirements of the European political correctness, the Party for a Better Hungary - Jobbik. One of the most popular Fidesz and its slogans - "the Hungarian economy for the Hungarians". The Jobbik party program offers to "dramatically increase taxes on the profits of transnational corporations refuse to pay the IMF and regain in the privatization of the national property." Hungarian sovereignists mercilessly criticized officials who ruled the country the past 20 years, who "betrayed, sold it, and the money put into their pocket".
Orbán reportedly said that the American-Hungarian relationship has become tense because the foreign politics of the United States is determined by a "radical leftist" value system, which supports the marriage of homosexuals and sees a potential threat in "national identity". When Hungary included "the trinity of God, Home and Family" in the fundamental law of Hungary, America acted as if this were an open provocation, Orbán said. "We were not looking for trouble … as at this time we were already in conflict with the banks and the EU as well."